We investigated expected future demographic and technological changes with thei challenges and opportunities, providing a vision for the future Tetrapak human factory.
Disruptive technologies and megatrends are shaping the future of manufacturing. The fourth industrial revolution is the digitisation of the manufacturing industry through the realisation of the potential of the Internet of Things (IoT) combined with artificial intelligence and data science: well designed, Industry 4.0 will enable manufacturers to improve efficiencies whilst reducing costs.
Considering this change, the human being will remain in a dominant role, because it is not expected that the human factor, with its characteristics and capabilities, will be substituted entirely by autonomously acting technology in the foreseeable future. The mechanical intelligence, for instance, is limited to the selection of predefined options, while human creativity, flexibility, the ability to learn and to improve are required to design and configure systems, processes and products. Humans have the expertise and experience to analyse, assess and solve, even in exceptional situation.
The final aim of this vision study was to explore the potential of the innovative technologies when the role of humans is designed together with intelligent devices, intelligent systems and intelligent automation and fully merged with the physical machines and facilities.
The study is an initial vision for the human factory. It includes a wide SoA on IoT, virtual reality, augmented technologies, and other emerging technologies to identify what is currently developed “outside” and could be brought “in” the Tetra Pak environment.